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Long-acting Contraception

The methods of contraception described here all have the advantage that, once in place, you no longer need to think about them until they need to be replaced.

They are all over 99% effective and so are more effective that short term contraceptives. They DO NOT offer protection against sexually transmitted infections (STI). Male condoms are the best way to protect against infections including HIV.

Screening for STI is available at all contraception and sexual health clinics.

For more information on contraception and sexual health call 0845 155 0156

Implants

What Is It?

Small flexible rod which is placed just under the skin. Contains progestogen only.

What are the advantages?

• Effective and rapidly reversible method of contracteption
• Lasts up to 3 years
• Useful for women who cannot remember their oral contraceptive

What are the disadvantages?

• Many women have changes in menstrual patterns
• Insertion and removal must be performed by trained healthcare professionals

How efficient is it?

Over 99% effective

Progestogen Injections

What Is It?

Injection containing progestogen. Injected into a muscle every 8 or 12 weeks.

What are the advantages?

• Useful for women who cannot remember their oral contraceptive

What are the disadvantages?

• Cannot be immediately reversed in the event of side effects
• Many women have changes in menstrual patterns
• Can take some time for fertility to return to normal
• After 2 years, may choose an alternative method to avoid the risk of osteoprosis (brittle bones)

How efficient is it?

Over 99% effective

IUD

What Is It?

Intrauterine device that is fitted into the womb.

What are the advantages?

• Useful for women who cannot remember their oral contraceptive
• Hormone free
• Effective & rapidly reversible method of contraception
• Lasts 5-10 years depending on style

What are the disadvantages?

• Periods may become heavier, longer or more painful
• Insertion and removal must be performed by trained Health Care Professional via vaginal examinations

How efficient is it?

Over 99% effective

IUS

What Is It?

Intrauterine system that is fitted into the womb. Contains progestogen only.

What are the advantages?

• Lasts up to 5 years
• Effective and rapidly reversible method of contraception
• Useful for women who cannot remember their oral contraceptive

What are the disadvantages?

• Many women have changes in menstrual patterns
• Insertion and removal must be performed by trained Health Care Professional via vaginal examinations

How efficient is it?

Over 99% effective

IUI

What Is It?

Intrauterine implant that is fitted into the womb and is hormone free.

What are the advantages?

• Useful for women who cannot remember to take their oral contraception
• Lasts up to 5 years
• Effective & rapidly reversible method of contraception

What are the disadvantages?

• Periods may be heavier, longer or more painful but less so that with the IUD
• Insertion and removal must be performed by trained Health Care Professional via vaginal examinations

How efficient is it?

Over 99% effective

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